4 Laser Cutting Capabilities Things to Know
Laser cutting is now an integral part of various metal fabrication projects. Some laser cutting capabilities include Its accurate and precise cuts, which allow fabricators to maintain consistency in the quality of the services that they provide. If you are considering buying a laser cutter for your fabrication projects, you should know everything about it.
1. Working Mechanism
You will see a high-powered light focusing on a specific spot in laser cutting. This highly focused light is the laser that can cut through metal. You place a piece of metal on the machine and it will run through the laser beam cutting the metal into two pieces. Some laser cutters have pulse laser beams. The laser works in pulses. It’s as if someone is switching the laser on and off at regular intervals. This is ideal if you want to make holes in a piece of metal. Otherwise, you can use the most common version of laser cutting where the beam is like a continuous wave.
In such cases, the laser beam remains stagnant while you pass the metal through the machine. You can make measurements on the metal and move the machine accordingly to deliver precise cuts.
2. Types of Metals it Can Cut
A laser cutter is one of the most versatile machines in the world. Therefore, one of the four laser cutting capabilities is it can consistently cut through various types of metals and maintain the same accuracy. Some of the metals that a laser cutter can cut through are nickel, aluminum, steel, stainless steel, copper, and brass. In addition to these metals, a laser cutter can also cut through plastic and ceramic.
3. Consistency of the Cut
Some people think that there would be HAZ issues because of laser cutting. In reality, the HAZ (heat activated zone) is so minimal that it would not affect the overall quality. Moreover, with advanced laser cutters, you can narrow down the laser beam to a minute point to provide highly precise cuts. You will not have to worry about the heat active zones anymore.
Laser cutters run on computer programs. You can literally customize everything before turning the laser beam on. It’s possible to specify the width of the cut, the position, and the level till which the beam should cut through. Apart from cutting the materials, you can also program the laser beam to even out the edges to ensure that the cut has a smooth surface instead of a sharp one. This makes the cut look premium.
4. Comparison With Other Cutting Methods
The closest competitors of a laser cutter are free running blades and waterjet cutters. However, they are not as energy-efficient as laser cutters. In fact, laser cutting is far more accurate than these two methods. If you want a faster, more accurate, and energy-efficient cutting technique, you should always choose laser cutting over its competitors.
There is a myth that laser cutters damage the material that they cut. This isn’t true. The focused and highly precise laser beam goes through metal pieces without damaging them. You should first see a demo and then confirm whether you want to stick to a laser cutting machine or not.